KEPSA participated in the technical workshop on enhancing coordination and synergy for monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of the National Climate Change Action Plan (2018 – 2022) held on 10th – 13th July 2018 at Gelian Hotel, Machakos County.
The main objective of the workshop was to enhance understanding of key implementing partners of the ongoing MRV related projects and initiatives as well as contribution towards implementation of the MRV+ system for Kenya. The workshop also sought to develop a framework for enhancing coordination and synergy of the reporting frameworks towards an integrated system. The system will aid in providing policy direction and planning for climate change in the country as well as Kenya’s reporting requirements’ at the global level.
The Ministry of Environment and Forestry is implementing the Low Emission Climate Resilient Development Project (LECRED) with support from UNDP. The LECRED project aims at supporting enhanced integrated governance for the implementation of Kenya’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and Climate Change Act 2016.
In his opening remarks, the Head of LECRED, Dr. Harun Warui, acknowledged the various sectoral MRV initiatives currently being undertaken by various partners including: Capacity Building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT); System for Land- Based Emissions Estimation in Kenya (SLEEK); Transport Climate Strategies (TraCS); Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT); among others. He further said there is need to develop an integrated framework for consolidating the various initiatives into a harmonized MRV framework. He added that time has come for Kenya to support monitoring and reporting of the NDC domestically.
Dr. Charles Mutai, the Director of Climate Change at the Ministry of Environment and Forestry said the Cabinet Secretary of the Ministry of Environment and forestry is empowered by the Climate Change Act 2016, to make regulations to guide reporting and verification actions of climate related actions in the country. Article 6(h) of the climate change actions provides for the National Climate Change Council (NCC) to set targets for the regulation of the Green House Gas (GHG) emissions while article 9.8 indicates that the Climate Change Directorate (CCD) will coordinate adherence to the country’s international obligations and associated reporting. The Directorate should also establish and manage a national registry for appropriate climate change actions by both public and private entities.
He further said that County Governments should prepare annual reports and present to the County Assemblies after which the report is submitted to the CCD. Article 17.1 c obligates (NEMA) to monitor compliance on levels of GHG emissions as set by the Council. Non state actors including private sector are required to submit reports on implementation of climate actions.
Kenya is among the first countries to benefit from new initiatives such as SLEEK and CBIT.
The GHG Inventory Coordinator at CCD, Mr. David Adegu noted that while there exist various initiatives for MRV at the moment, there lacks an overall framework of the MRV system. He said there is need to synergies and complement initiatives in order to establish a robust and appropriate MRV+ system of Kenya that includes both adaptation and mitigation. The workshop further analyzed the overlaps, duplication of the various MRV initiatives and recommended areas for drawing synergies in the development of the national MRV+ system for Kenya. The NDC supports includes support for private sector to equally implement and report on the NDC commitment as part of the MRV+ system as required by the Climate Change Act, 2016.
An MRV system tracks implementation progress of climate actions, measures level of achievement of set targets, tracks disbursement and utilization of support including resources, financing and technology, as well as measures impact of mitigation and adaptation actions in combating climate change. MRV is at the core of transparency framework at both national and County Government levels as well as the Climate Change Convention and Paris Agreement.
Aspects of MRV+ system implemented on a need basis, include: establishment of the National GHG Inventory System, Tracking adaptation monitoring development (TAMD) for monitoring and evaluation(M+E) of adaptation, Ending Drought Emergencies (EDE) M+E system (NDMA), Inbuilt MRV for specific projects, Integration of MRV/M&E in MTP and Capacity building of implementing and reporting actors.