The process of developing the Second National Climate Change Action Plan 2018 -2022 is ongoing. Stakeholder consultations with various groups have been taking place in the month of May and June. KEPSA as a member of the taskforce held consultations with the National Assembly Committee on Environment and Natural resources as well as the Senate Standing Committee for Land, Environment and Natural Resources on the draft national climate change action (2018 – 2022) on 12th June 2018 at the Intercontinental Hotel.
The Chief Administrative Secretary in the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Hon. Mohammed Elmi who chaired the session, highlighted that the national climate change action plan overall objective is to guide the country towards a low carbon and climate resilient pathway. Kenya’s National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) is a five-year plan that helps Kenya adapt to climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The Chair of the National Assembly Departmental Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, Hon. Kereke Mbiuki reiterated the effects of climate change as being very real in Kenya today as demonstrated by change in rainfall patterns, flooding and extreme heat calling for the need for government to put in place mitigation measures. There is need to demystify climate change, to conduct a thorough review of the first NCCAP 2013- 2017 so as to appreciate its success and draw lessons that will inform the development of the second NCCAP (2018 – 2022). Parliament has been in the forefront of creating an enabling environment for tackling climate change in Kenya and it’s important that strategies’ be laid out at all levels including counties. The 11th Parliament passed the Climate Change Act 2016. Hon. Francis Chachu who chairs the Climate Change subcommittee of the National Assembly gave other frameworks passed by the 12th Parliament in addressing climate change; they include: Kenya National Climate Change Policy, Climate Change Financing Policy, and the establishment of the climate change directorate under the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and the ongoing process of finalising the vetting of nominees of the National Climate Change Council.
In his remarks, the Senate Standing Committee Chair on Land, Environment and Natural Resources, Hon. Mwangi Githioni, said that, climate change is the biggest threat to social and economic development of the country and the senate has prioritised to finding sustainable solutions for mitigation and adaptation issues. This will include subsidiary legislations required to operationalize the climate change Act, budget provisions and other frameworks’ required to tackle climate change within the counties. There is need to implement to have effective mechanism for the implementation of the climate change policy, need to improve the country’s capacity to develop bankable projects in order to access green funds at both national, regional and global level. Good and transparent monitoring systems for Kenya’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), data collection and reporting will be significant in tracking our progress in tackling climate change as well as identifying Kenyans benefiting directly from carbon credits and green economy.
Dr. Pacifica Ogola- Director Climate Change Programs Coordination, gave the overview of the Second NCCAP (2018-2022) will help further Kenya’s development aspirations by:
- Aligning climate change actions with the Government’s development agenda, including the Big Four.
- Encouraging participation of the private sector, civil society, youth, and marginalised groups and major groups, including women, people with disabilities and indigenous groups.
- It will serve as the implementation plan for Kenya’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and Kenya’s National Adaptation Plan 2015-2030 (NAP) for the five-year period 2018-2022.
- It will also provide a framework for mainstreaming climate change into sector functions at the national and county level.
During the plenary, members of the parliament reiterated that it’s important that the plan is resourced adequately for Kenya to be able to address the climate change challenge. there is need to create an enabling environment for renewable sources of energy, find alternatives for plastic packaging and more so for tree seedlings to as to realize the 10% targets, enhance climate change programs at the counties including forestry, wildlife and capacity building. The challenge of bankable projects needs to be addressed immediately so as to increase access to alternative sources of financing of climate change programs.
The suggested strategic priorities areas of actions in the second NCCAP will enable the country reduces emissions by 30.1% against the target of 42.3%. If we achieve the 10% forest cover by the year 2022, Kenya will have surpassed its Paris commitment. The final draft of the plan is expected to be presented to the Principal Secretary, who chairs the NCCAP Taskforce by 29th June 2018 for onward submission to the Cabinet Secretary and the National Climate Change Council.